- Video: What does excess bleeding mean in middle-age women?
- Causes and types of abnormal blood loss
- Video: I'm an older woman with blood in my urine: Should I Worry?
- Normal and Abnormal Menstruation in Premenopause
- Video: Menopause Symptoms: Bleeding
- Causes of Abnormal Bleeding During Premenopause
- Video: Managing Abnormal Uterine Bleeding after Menopause - Dr. Mukta Nadig | Cloudnine Hospitals
- About the causes of bleeding in the postmenopausal period
- Video: Heavy Bleeding With Fibroid in OLD Age ? | Dr.Kaajal Mangukiya
- Methods for diagnosing diseases in uterine bleeding
- How is female bleeding treated during menopause?
- Video: Is bleeding after menopause normal?
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Bleeding in middle-aged women can indicate various diseases and conditions. Some of them can be serious and require medical attention, and some can be relatively minor and go away on their own.
Vaginal bleeding may be due to conditions such as:
- uterine fibroids
- cervical polyps
- endometrial hyperplasia
- cervical or endometrial cancer
- ruptures of the vagina or cervical area
- inflammatory diseases of the genital organs
Also, bleeding in women after 45-50 years of age may be associated with menopause and changes in hormone levels in the body.
In any case, when bleeding from the vagina in middle-aged women, it is recommended to consult a doctor for diagnosis and prescribing the necessary treatment, depending on the detected cause.
So, uterine bleeding - description, causes, symptoms, treatment - further in our article.
Video: What does excess bleeding mean in middle-age women?
Causes and types of abnormal blood loss
Abnormal blood loss in women can be associated with various causes, their type and nature may vary depending on this cause. Consider some of them:
- Uterine fibroids: A benign growth arising from the muscles of the uterus. One of the characteristic symptoms of fibroids is precisely abnormal bleeding due to changes in the blood supply to the uterine horns due to the presence of nodes.
- Not ovulating: If a woman does not release her eggs regularly, this can cause irregular bleeding or a lack of menstruation.
- Endometrial hyperplasia: an increase in the thickness of the lining of the uterus due to hyperestrogenemia. This condition can lead to heavy bleeding and a greater risk of endometrial cancer.
- Uterine cancer: This is a malignant disease in which cells in the lining of the uterus begin to divide uncontrollably. Symptoms may include abnormal bleeding, lower abdominal pain, and weight loss.
- Using hormonal contraceptives: Women taking hormonal drugs may experience abnormal bleeding or scanty periods because they can change the hormonal balance in the body.
- Ovarian rupture or ovarian cysts: These conditions can lead to severe bleeding from the vagina, accompanied by low blood pressure and severe pain in the lower abdomen.
The types of abnormal bleeding in women can be varied, including irregular periods, light or heavy periods, bleeding outside the cycle or after intercourse, painful periods, and other changes.
If you encounter such unpleasant symptoms, seek help from a specialist.
You may be interested in information about what is better to take to strengthen immunity - read our other article.
Video: I'm an older woman with blood in my urine: Should I Worry?
Normal and Abnormal Menstruation in Premenopause
Perimenopause is the period of a woman's life when her body prepares for the onset of menopause, when menstruation stops completely. During the premenopausal period, normal periods may be stable or somewhat variable. Abnormal periods can also occur and cause anxiety in women.
Normal menstruation in premenopause
- Cycles may be slightly shorter or longer than usual and may range from 24 to 38 days, but this is considered normal;
- Menstrual flow may be less abundant and last less days than before;
- There may be more or less severe pain during menstruation;
- Intermediate bleeding may occur.
Abnormal menstruation in premenopause
- Irregular intermenstrual bleeding;
- Intense blood flow;
- Duration of menstrual bleeding more than 7 days;
- Stopping the menstrual cycle for more than 3 months;
- Pain in the lower abdomen, severe migraines or a general deterioration in health;
- Any bleeding that is not typical of perimenopause.
If abnormal menstruation occurs in premenopause, you should consult a gynecologist to identify the causes and begin treatment. Irregular and abnormal periods can also be a sign of other diseases that can be serious and require more detailed examination, such as endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia, uterine fibroids, endometrial cancer, and others.
In addition, such changes may be associated with hormonal imbalances in the body.
You may be interested in information about How to increase immunity with folk remedies - read our other article.
Video: Menopause Symptoms: Bleeding
Causes of Abnormal Bleeding During Premenopause
Perimenopause is the period in a woman's life that occurs when her ovaries stop producing enough estrogen and her menstrual cycle stops. Abnormal bleeding during premenopause can be caused by various reasons, such as:
- Perimenopausal bleeding: Although the menstrual cycle becomes unstable during perimenopause and bleeding may be irregular, any bleeding that occurs more than 12 months after the last period should be considered by a doctor.
- Estrogen dominant tumors: This is a rare type of tumor that can present with bleeding during premenopause.
- Uterine polyps: These are small tumors that can appear inside the uterus and cause bleeding.
- Adenomyosis: This is a condition in which tissue normally growing inside the uterus begins to grow in the thickness of the uterine wall, which can cause bleeding.
- Infections: Infections inside the uterus or cervix can cause bleeding.
- Cancer: Cancer of the uterus or cervix can cause abnormal bleeding.
If you have abnormal bleeding during premenopause, it's important to see a doctor to evaluate the cause and get the appropriate treatment.
Video: Managing Abnormal Uterine Bleeding after Menopause - Dr. Mukta Nadig | Cloudnine Hospitals
About the causes of bleeding in the postmenopausal period
Bleeding in postmenopausal women can be due to a variety of reasons, including:
- Vaginal mucosal atrophy: Decreased levels of estrogen in the body can lead to a thin, dry, and less elastic vagina, which can cause bleeding after intercourse or other physical activity.
- Estrogen dominant tumors: Estrogen dominant tumors can cause bleeding in postmenopausal women. It may be associated with tumors such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, polyps and other tumors.
- Uterine cancer: Postmenopausal bleeding can be a sign of uterine cancer. Uterine cancer often causes bleeding after intercourse, as well as bleeding that occurs between periods.
- Infections: Infections such as vaginal herpes can cause postmenopausal bleeding.
- Adenomyosis: Adenomyosis is associated with bleeding during menstruation, but can also cause postmenopausal bleeding.
- Drug side effects: Some medications, such as hormonal drugs or drugs that affect blood clotting, can cause postmenopausal bleeding.
In any case, if you notice postmenopausal bleeding, you need to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. The doctor will be able to identify the cause of the bleeding and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Video: Heavy Bleeding With Fibroid in OLD Age ? | Dr.Kaajal Mangukiya
Methods for diagnosing diseases in uterine bleeding
Diagnosis of diseases associated with uterine bleeding in women may include various methods. Some of them include:
- General physical exam: Your doctor may do a general physical exam, including a vaginal exam, to determine possible causes of bleeding.
- Pelvic Ultrasound: Ultrasound can be used to visualize the uterus and ovaries and look for tumors, polyps, fibroids, and other abnormalities.
- Hysteroscopy: A hysteroscopy is a procedure in which a doctor inserts a thin, flexible instrument through the vagina and cervix to view the internal structure of the uterus.
- Endometrial biopsy: An endometrial biopsy is a procedure in which a doctor takes a sample of tissue from the inside wall of the uterus to be analyzed for cancer or other abnormalities.
- CT and MRI: Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to obtain more detailed information about the structure and condition of the uterus and ovaries.
- Lab tests: Lab tests may include blood tests for hormone levels such as estrogen and progesterone, as well as infections or other medical conditions.
When choosing diagnostic methods, the doctor takes into account the age, medical history, symptoms and other factors of the patient.
How is female bleeding treated during menopause?
The treatment of female bleeding during menopause depends on the cause of the bleeding. Some of the possible treatments include:
- Hormon therapy: If the bleeding is due to low hormone levels, your doctor may prescribe hormone therapy in the form of tablets, patches, or creams to restore hormone balance.
- Non-hormonal medications: In some cases, a doctor may prescribe non-hormonal medications, such as blood clotting drugs, to stop bleeding.
- Surgical treatment: If the bleeding is due to a tumor, polyp, or other abnormality, surgical treatment, such as removal of the tumor or polyp, may be required.
- Endometrial ablation: Endometrial ablation is a procedure in which the doctor removes the inner layer of the uterus to stop bleeding.
- Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. This may be recommended if bleeding cannot be controlled with other treatments or if there is a risk of developing uterine cancer.
In any case, if you have bleeding during menopause, see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. The doctor will be able to determine the cause of the bleeding and recommend the most appropriate treatment for your particular case.